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ISSN : 1226-3206(Print)
ISSN : (Online)
Studies in Modern Grammar Vol.74 pp.1-36

우리말 예변 논항과 불연속 표현*

최 준 수

Proleptic Argument and Discontinuous Expression

Joon Soo Tchoe


In Tchoe (2012, 2013) I haveargued that the ECMed DP in Korean is in fact a base-generated prolepticargument. In this subsequent work I will tackle a variety of questionscontained in this conclusion. But in the first part of the article, I will delverather into the Multiple Nominative/Accusative constructions in Korean,which have always been assumed to posses distinct syntactic representationsand derivations from the ECM constructions. I will show that the MultipleNominative/Accusative constructions are also a base-generated prolepticconstruction. Given this, the unique difference between ECM constructionsand Multiple Case constructions in Korean is the fact that in the latter typesof constructions the grammatical (thematic/narrow, in other terms) subject/object is always represented by a DP. Upon this observation, four assertionswill be made on the syntax of Korean. The first one is that Korean employstwo types of syntactic objects to represent in syntax an argument selectedby a predicate; the one is a continuous expression and the other adiscontinuous expression in the sense of Hale (1981 et seq). I refer, as acontinuous expression, the nominal or propositional expressions thatfunction like a single syntactic object with regard to syntactic operationssuch as scrambling. For nominal or propositional expressions whose partssplit off after the Case-checking, I will refer them as a discontinuousexpression. I will also show that discontinuous expressions have nothing todo with so-called symmetrically Merged unstable syntactic objects (Chomsky2013, Moro 2007 and Ott 2011, forthcoming). But I am not ready to proposeany tangible idea on the internal composition of the discontinuousexpressions. The second assertion put forward is that discontinuousexpressions always consist of a proleptic argument and a grammaticalsubject/object. The third and last assertions are that proleptic arguments areassigned a pragmatically accessible θ-role and that they appear on the left side of the grammatical subject/object at least in Korean.