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ISSN : 1226-3206(Print)
ISSN : (Online)
Studies in Modern Grammar Vol.75 pp.101-121

스페인어 의외성(mirativity) 구문의 통사적 분석

유 은 정

A Syntactic Analysis of Spanish Mirativity Construction.

Eun-jung You


This study aims to analyze Spanishmirativity construction. Mirativity refers to the linguistic marking of anutterance that represents an information which is new or unexpected to thespeaker. Therefore, mirative constructions show the speaker's emotionalstate, that is to say, surprise. There are many means that could expressspeaker's surprise, such as exclamatory expressions, admirative tone, etc.However, in this paper I attempt to investigate the existence in Spanish ofa mirative form that could be recognized as a grammatical category. InKorean, there is a modal suffix, for example, ‘-ne’, ‘-gun(a)’, which expressessurprise and new information. In Spanish, the verbal past tense and perfectaspect, such as imperfect, present perfect, pluperfect, could be used torepresent mirativity in the present. I argue that Spanish tense and aspectshould be recognized as a grammatical category that express mirativity.Furthermore, I attempt to analyze a derivational process of the mirative constructionscomparing with the exclamative constructions.