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ISSN : 1226-3206(Print)
ISSN : (Online)
Studies in Modern Grammar Vol.76 pp.101-126

한국어 서술절 비판
-통사 단위 설정을 중심으로-

목 정 수

A Critique on the So-called ‘Predicate Clause’ in Korean: With Special Reference to Syntactic Units

Jungsoo Mok


This paper claims that particles and endings in Korean should beindependent syntactic units from a typological perspective. And through theexamination of the grammatical status of particles this paper shows that theconcept of ‘nominative case’ and that of syntactic function ‘subject’ have beenmuch entangled in Korean grammar. One of the problems derived from theconceptual entanglement is the so-called ‘predicate clause’. The main objectiveof this paper is to clarify the origin of the misconception of ‘predicate clause’.This paper uses three diagnoses to verify the misconception of predicate clause.The first one is a diagnosis through ‘do-so test’. The second one is a diagnosisrelated to ‘equi-subject constraint’. The last one is a diagnosis on the basisof ‘valency’. These diagnoses lead us to the conclusion that the so-called ‘microsubject’ kho-ka ‘nose-Nom’ and holangi-ka ‘tiger-Nom’ in double subjectconstructions such as Khokkili-nun kho-ka kil-ta ‘Elephants have a long nose’and Na-nun holangi-ka mwusep-ta ‘I’m afraid of tigers’ is no more subject, buta sort of object and that the real subject is the ‘macro subject’ Khokkili-nun‘elephant-Top’ and Na-nun ‘I-Top’ in above-mentioned examples.