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ISSN : 1226-3206(Print)
Studies in Modern Grammar Vol.100 pp.145-164

Preposed PPs and Three Types of Clausal Structures in English

Kwang-sup Kim**
** Professor, Hankuk University of Foreign Studies


Li and Thomson (1976) propose that English is a subject prominent language. In this paper, however, I propose that English makes use of both subject-predicate and topic-comment structures. More precisely, there are three types of clausal structure in English: subject-predicate, topic-comment, and a combination of both. This is on the basis of the syntactic patterns of preposed PPs. In English there are three types of preposed PPs: referential PPs, locational PPs, and directional PPs. This paper shows that Referential PP Inversion is a Subject- Predicate construction, Directional PP Inversion is a Topic-Comment construction, and Locational PP Inversion is a combination of both.