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ISSN : 1226-3206(Print)
Studies in Modern Grammar Vol.103 pp.107-130

The Partial Nature of Metaphorical Entailment: Focusing on the LIFE IS A BASEBALL GAME Metaphor

Youngju Choi
* 본 논문은 2019년 21세기 영어영문학회 가을 학술대회 발표를 바탕으로 수정한 것임.
** 조선대학교 교수


Metaphor is a mapping between elements of source and target domains. When the mapping arises, rich background knowledge of source elements, which is called metaphorical inference, is mapped onto a target domain, resulting in metaphorical entailment. Since Lakoff and Johnson (1980), the mapping has been considered as being partial. It has been claimed that some of the elements are highlighted in the mapping and others are hidden. However, the partial nature of the metaphorical entailment has not been discussed so far. Bridging the gap, this paper observes the partial nature of metaphorical entailment, conducting the case study with the metaphor LIFE IS A BASEBALL GAME. The detailed investigation of the metaphor reveals that there are four different types of the partial entailment and that the partial nature of the entailment is due to the metonymic highlighting of various inferences.

은유적 함의의 부분성: [삶은 야구] 은유를 중심으로

* 본 논문은 2019년 21세기 영어영문학회 가을 학술대회 발표를 바탕으로 수정한 것임.
** 조선대학교 교수